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Ljubljana Marshes Nature Park

Size: 13,505 ha

Year of foundation: 2008

Republic of Slovenia

Public Institute KP Ljubljana Marshes

59 natural values / whole area of the park is of ecological importance, Natura 2000  area (SPA) for 22 bird species, Natura 2000 area (SCI) for 23 animal species and 1 plant species and 7 habitat types.

International importance:
UNESCO – List of the World Heritage – the pre-historical pile dwellings around the Alps, inscribed in 2011.


Javni zavod Krajinski park Ljubljansko barje

Podpeška cesta 380
1357 Notranje Gorice

+386 (0)8 205 23 50

[email protected]

Ljubljana Marshes Nature Park

Flooded Marshes

The Ljubljana Marshes is a unique intertwinement of meadows, fields, hedges and channels, where the green surfaces meet with the sky and the River Ljubljana, which has helped create the marshes through history. Here you can block out the bustle of the city, meet with nature and focus on yourself and your thoughts.

St. Michael’s Church
Snake's Head or Fritillary
Winter Morning
Great Egret
Solitary Tree
Flooded Forest

The traditional agriculture has preserved the great biological and landscape diversity. The mosaic of different environments is home to many plants and animals, which are only rare elsewhere in Slovenia and Europe. The wet meadows, flooded waterside meadows and thousands of kilometres of drainage channels attract mainly moisture loving plants and animals. The Ljubljana Marshes are home to several hundred species of birds, numerous colourful butterflies, dragonflies and amphibians.

The interdependent ecosystems of the Ljubljana Marshes clean the air, water and soil, and cool the hot summers. They also enable relaxation and new discoveries in the immediate vicinity of the capital city, as well as sustainable production of quality healthy food and the development of environmentally friendly farming and green tourism.

But not only nature, the heritage is also exceptional. In this small piece of territory, several cultures have left their mark, from the prehistoric pile dwellers and ancient Romans, to the determined drainers of the marsh, which was supposed to become the granary of the Hapsburg Monarchy. Due to their interventions into the once typical marsh, today’s Ljubljana Marshes are probably the most anthropogenically modified landscape in Slovenia. Although many have tried and are still trying to limit the extent and duration of floods through drainage, the Ljubljana Marshes are still one of the largest flooding areas in Slovenia.


Javni zavod Krajinski park Ljubljansko barje

Podpeška cesta 380
1357 Notranje Gorice

Ljubljana Marshes Nature Park


  • The world’s oldest wooden wheel with an axle was found in the Ljubljana Marshes. It is 5,150 years old and comes from the culture of pile dwellers.
  • Before the beginning of peat excavation, the surface of the Ljubljana Marshes was higher by 2 to 6 metres.
  • Nine out of more than 40 remains of pile dwelling villages found at the Ljubljana Marshes are entered into the UNESCO list of world heritage.
  • In the Ljubljana Marshes twice as many species of diurnal butterflies as in the entire British Isles can be found. But their future does not look bright.
  • The River Ljubljanica is a natural and cultural monument. Divers have discovered exceptional objects in its riverbed, which date from prehistoric times to the present (a 40 thousand year old spear head, dugouts and Roman ships, military equipment and weapons, Celtic coins etc.).


  • Theme trails
  • Bird watching


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